Paper: When a Strike Strikes Twice: Massive Student Mobilizations, School Closures, and Teenage Pregnancy in Chile.
Expositor: Pablo Celayh, PUC
Fecha: Miércoles 21 de noviembre de 2018
Hora: 13:00 horas a 14:00 horas.
Lugar: Avda. Santa Clara N° 797,
Campus Ciudad Empresarial,
Sala C-302 – Edificio Cubo
We empirically study the impact of massive school’s absenteeism on teenage pregnancy. Exploiting variation in the timing of nationwide student strikes and the average intensity of school’s adherence to the student movement across Chilean municipalities in 2011, we identify an economically large short-run impact of temporary high schools’ shutdown on teenage pregnancy. We find that average-strike exposure municipalities experienced an increase of 1.5% in teenage pregnancies, which amounts to 267 pregnancies conceived by girls in high school age within a year, and that those with in the highest tercile of strike exposure experienced an increase or 4.8%. The spike in teenage pregnancies vanishes three quarters after the beginning of the students’ strikes which we interpret as evidence of an incapacitation effect, rather than a network or social interaction effect, as a key underlying mechanism for the causal relationship between students’ strikes and teenage pregnancies.